27. Payment of the pension to Ms Annie Sims on the securities of the Biddulph Military Trust Fund It was agreed to allocate the assets of the Biddulph Military Trust Fund between India and Pakistan in a ratio of 3 to 1. India would first pay the pension and would currently recover Pakistan`s share in the same proportion. In 1949, India registered nearly one million Hindu refugees who flocked to West Bengal and other countries due to municipal violence, intimidation and repression by the authorities of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). The refugee emergency outraged Hindus and Indian nationalists, and the refugee population exhausted the resources of Indian states they could not accommodate. Although they do not rule out a war, Prime Ministers Nehru and Sardar Patel Liaquat have invited Ali Khan to talks in Delhi. Although many Indians called this appeasement, Nehru signed a pact with Liaquat Ali Khan, which committed both nations to protecting minorities and creating minority commissions. Khan and Nehru also signed a trade deal and pledged to resolve bilateral conflicts through peaceful means. Hundreds of thousands of Hindus returned to eastern Pakistan, but the thaw in relations did not last long, mainly because of the conflict in Kashmir. After defeating the 1971 Indo-Pakistani war, Pakistan launched its own atomic bomb program in 1972 and accelerated its efforts in 1974, after India de exploded its first atomic bomb at the Pokhran test site, dubbed Smiling Buddha. [71] [73] This large-scale atomic bomb program was a direct response to India`s nuclear program. [74] In 1983, Pakistan reached an important milestone in its efforts after secretly conducting a series of non-fissile tests under the code name Kirana-I.

The Pakistani government has not made any official announcements of this type of cold testing. [74] Over the next few years, Pakistan has expanded and modernized nuclear projects throughout the country in order to supply its electricity sector and provide support and benefits to its economy. In 1988, mutual understanding was achieved between the two countries, where each pledged not to attack nuclear facilities. Agreements on cultural exchanges and civil aviation were also launched in 1988. [74] Finally, in 1998, India exploded its second nuclear test (see Pokhran-II), which asked Pakistan to follow suit and conduct its own nuclear tests (cf. Chagai-I and Chagai II). The size of the Indian diaspora and the Pakistani diaspora in many countries around the world has created strong diasporic relationships. British Indians and British Pakistanis, the largest and second largest ethnic minorities living in the United Kingdom, maintain friendly relations. [98] [99] It is quite common for a “Little India” and a “Little Pakistan” to coexist in ethnic enclaves of South Asia in overseas countries.

There are several cities like Birmingham, Blackburn and Manchester, where British Indians and British Pakistanis live together in peace and harmony. Both Indians and Pakistanis living in the United Kingdom fall into the category of British Asians. Britain is also home to the Pakistan & India Friendship Forum. [100] In the United States, Indians and Pakistanis are classified as South Americans and share many cultural characteristics. In the United States, marriages between Indians and Pakistanis are common. [94] Indian troops managed to drive the aggressors out of parts of Kashmir, but the winter made much of the state impracticable. After weeks of intense fighting between Pakistan and India, Pakistan`s leaders and Indian Prime Minister Nehru declared a ceasefire and demanded UN arbitration with the promise of a referendum. In 1957, Northwest Kashmir was fully integrated into Pakistan and became Azad Kashmir (Pakistan-administered Kashmir). . .